賓夕法尼亞大學新合作機構旨在改善對老年人的護理

賓夕法尼亞大學人工智慧與健康老齡化技術合作實驗室,旨在探索使用人工智慧和其他技術來改善老年人和阿爾茨海默病患者的家庭護理。

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The Penn Artificial Intelligence and Technology Collaboratory for Healthy Aging (PennAITech) seeks to explore the use of artificial intelligence and other technologies to improve in-home care for older adults and individuals with Alzheimer’s disease. The Collaboratory will leverage extensive expertise in artificial intelligence, consumer informatics and aging, access to patient cohorts and resources of Penn’s School of Nursing, the Perelman School of Medicine, and other departments across the University of Pennsylvania. PennAITech is made possible through a grant from the National Institute on Aging (NIA), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The award is expected to total $20 million over five years.

Leading this effort will be:

George Demiris, PhD, FACMI, a Penn Integrates Knowledge Professor with joint faculty appointments in Penn Nursing’s Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, and the Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics in Penn’s Perelman School of Medicine;

Jason Karlawish, MD, Professor of Medicine, Medical Ethics and Health Policy, and Neurology, co-director of the Penn Memory Center and Associated Director, Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center, Perelman School of Medicine; and

Jason Moore, PhD, FACMI, Professor and Chair of the Department of Computational Biomedicine, Cedars Sinai.

“Aging in place is a priority for most older Americans. This goal can be challenged by chronic illness including Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias. We need innovative solutions that will help us detect risks, address disparities, support decision making and improve access to care,” said Demiris. “The overarching goal of our Collaboratory is to facilitate the development and dissemination of such tools to help aging Americans live safely, in optimal health, and remain socially engaged. To achieve this, we will develop and implement a national pilot project funding program for the development and evaluation of cutting-edge technology.”

PennAITech aims to identify, develop, evaluate, commercialize, and disseminate innovative technology and artificial intelligence (AI) methods and software to support older adults and those with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Diseases in their home environment. It is motivated by the need for a comprehensive pipeline from technology-based monitoring of older adults in the home, collection and processing monitoring data, integration of those data with clinical data from electronic health records, analysis with cutting-edge AI methods and software, and deployment of validated AI models at point of care for decision support.

“Penn is uniquely poised to serve as a research and innovation accelerator based on our expertise in geriatric medicine, aging, Alzheimer’s disease and biomedical informatics,” said Karlawish. “We aim to advance the development of effective solutions that will be used in the real world and ultimately improve the lives of older adults’ and their caregivers.”

A central focus of the PennAITech Collaboratory is to advance this vision through the solicitation, review, and funding of pilot grants focused on technology and AI development to advance the science of care management and aging in place for vulnerable older adults or those with Alzheimer’s Disease and Alzheimer’s related diseases such as Lewy Body Disease receiving skilled home and community-based services. Funded pilot projects will be supported through cores focused on administration, stakeholder engagement, technology identification and training, clinical translation and validation, networking, and ethical and policy issues. Pilot projects will be solicited from academia, industry, and health systems.

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賓夕法尼亞大學人工智慧與健康老齡化技術合作實驗室 (PennAITech) 旨在探索使用人工智慧和其他技術來改善老年人和阿爾茨海默病患者的家庭護理。該合作實驗室將利用人工智慧、消費者資訊學和老齡化方面的廣泛專業知識,訪問賓夕法尼亞大學護理學院、佩雷爾曼醫學院和賓夕法尼亞大學其他部門的患者隊列和資源。PennAITech 是通過美國國立衛生研究院 (NIH) 下屬國家老齡化研究所 (NIA) 的資助實現的。該獎項預計在五年內總額為 2000 萬美元。

領導這項工作的將是:

George Demiris 博士,FACMI,賓夕法尼亞大學綜合知識教授與賓夕法尼亞大學護理學院生物行為健康科學系和賓夕法尼亞大學佩雷爾曼醫學院生物統計學、流行病學和資訊學系的聯合教職人員;

Jason Karlawish,醫學博士,醫學、醫學倫理和健康政策以及神經學教授,賓夕法尼亞大學記憶中心聯合主任兼佩雷爾曼醫學院阿爾茨海默病研究中心副主任;和

Jason Moore 博士,FACMI,Cedars Sinai 計算生物醫學系教授兼系主任。

“就地養老是大多數美國老年人的優先事項。這一目標可能會受到包括阿爾茨海默病和相關癡呆症在內的慢性疾病的挑戰。我們需要創新的解決方案來幫助我們發現風險、解決差異、支援決策和改善獲得護理的機會,”德米裏斯説。“我們合作中心的首要目標是促進此類工具的開發和傳播,以幫助老年人安全地生活、保持最佳健康狀態並保持社會參與。為實現這一目標,我們將制定並實施一項用於尖端技術開發和評估的國家試點項目資助計劃。”

PennAITech 旨在識別、開發、評估、商業化和傳播創新技術和人工智慧 (AI) 方法和軟體,以支援老年人和患有阿爾茨海默病 (AD) 和阿爾茨海默病及相關疾病的家庭環境。它的動機是需要從基於技術的家中老年人監測、收集和處理監測數據、將這些數據與電子健康記錄的臨床數據整合、使用尖端 AI 方法和軟體進行分析的綜合管道,並在護理點部署經過驗證的 AI 模型以提供決策支援。

“基於我們在老年醫學、衰老、阿爾茨海默病和生物醫學資訊學方面的專業知識,賓夕法尼亞大學具備獨特的優勢,可以作為研究和創新加速器,”Karlawish 説。“我們的目標是推進有效解決方案的開發,這些解決方案將用於現實世界,並最終改善老年人及其護理人員的生活。”

PennAITech Collaboratory 的一個核心重點是通過徵集、審查和資助專注于技術和人工智慧開發的試點贈款來推進這一願景,以推進針對弱勢老年人或阿爾茨海默病患者的護理管理和老齡化科學。阿爾茨海默氏症相關疾病,例如路易體病,接受熟練的家庭和社區服務。資助的試點項目將通過專注于管理、利益相關者參與、技術識別和培訓、臨床翻譯和驗證、網路以及道德和政策問題的核心得到支援。將從學術界、工業界和衛生系統中徵集試點項目。

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