Reform and Opening Up
The process of reform and opening up was propelled by a new awakening of the CPC. It has been key to making China what it is today, and will be essential to realizing the Two Centennial Goals and national renewal. It is an on-going process with no end point. The process that ushered in a new historical period was initiated in 1978 when the 11th CPC Central Committee held its third plenary session. Aimed at dismantling the economic straitjacket and unlocking the growth potential, the reform program put China on the path to modernization and prosperity. In addition to the emergence and development of the concept of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the achievements of China's reform and opening up are most convincingly demonstrated by the profound changes it has brought to China and to its relations with the rest of the world. China has made the historic shift from a centrally planned economy to a dynamic socialist market economy and from a closed or semi-closed society to an open one.