Rectification to restore order
Hi! Welcome to “About China”. This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. In today’s program, we will talk about “rectification to restore order”.
This was a task undertaken around the convention of the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee in December 1978. It was designed to end the disorder and errors of the Cultural Revolution and bring the work of the Party and the state back on track.The rectification was conducted across the country following the Third Plenary Session, involving ideology, political guidelines, and organization. With respect to ideology, the CPC broke the fetters of dogmatism and the personality cult that had long prevailed, and reaffirmed the Marxist theory of seeking truth from facts. With respect to political guidelines, the CPC abandoned the erroneous principle of taking class struggle as the key, shifted the focus of the Party and the state to economic development, and made the historic decision to begin reform and opening up. With respect to the organization, the CPC insisted that every past wrong must be put right based on facts. It re-examined a great number of cases in which the charges were false or which were unjustly or incorrectly dealt with, and rehabilitated the individuals concerned. It executed sound policies on officials, and resolved a slew of problems carried over from the past. It also brought to the fore more revolutionary, younger, better educated and more professionally-competent officials to ensure a smooth succession from the older generation to the younger.
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