Resumption of national college entrance examination
Hi! Welcome to “About China”. This year marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. In today’s program, we will talk about “resumption of national college entrance examination”.
In 1977 China restored the national college entrance examination, which had been suspended for 10 years due to the Cultural Revolution. This put the education of its youth back on track. When a forum on science and education was held in August 1977, the attendees all asked for an immediate resumption of the national college entrance examination. They received support from Deng Xiaoping who presided over the forum. In September, the Ministry of Education summoned a meeting on college enrollment and decided to restore the practice of selecting college students through a unified national examination. On October 12, the State Council issued a document that allowed workers, peasants, educated youth, ex-servicemen, officials and senior high school graduates to take the examination if they met the requirements. The entrance examination was conducted the following winter, and the freshman semester began in spring. More than 5.7 million people sat the national examination and 273,000 were enrolled.
The resumption was a prelude to China's reform and opening up. It changed the future of several generations, and laid the intellectual foundation for China's development and economic lift-off. Higher education returned to normal, and compulsory elementary education received due attention. Skilled workers and professionals urgently needed in all fields of work emerged in large numbers.