Socialism with Chinese Characteristics
The concept of socialism with Chinese characteristics was first highlighted by Deng Xiaoping when he addressed the opening ceremony of the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in 1982. He emphasized the importance of integrating the universal truth of Marxism with China’s realities, pursuing a path of our own, and building a socialist society with Chinese characteristics. Since then, this concept has been prominently embedded in the CPC’s theoretical thinking and in all aspects of its work. The concept consists of three pillars, namely our chosen path toward achieving our goals, a theoretical framework that offers guidance to action, and our political system that provides a fundamental basis to ensure that we proceed on the right track. All three pillars are integral to our great endeavor to build a socialist society with Chinese characteristics. By applying theoretical guidelines to practical needs, this concept provides a convincing answer to the central question: what type of socialism best suits the specific context of China, a large country with a huge population and a weak economic base, and how could we build such a socialist society? The imperative to build socialism with Chinese characteristics is premised on the fact that China is in the primary stage of socialism. Our overall approach is to promote economic, political, cultural, social and ecological progress, while our overarching goals are to bring about socialist modernization and the great renewal of the Chinese nation.